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EVALUATION OF MINIMALLY INVASIVE ANALYSIS SYSTEM FOR COUGH LEAK POINT PRESSURE MEASUREMENT

Authors
Journal
The Journal of Urology
0022-5347
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
172
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1097/01.ju.0000136336.19267.b4
Keywords
  • Bladder
  • Urinary Incontinence
  • Stress
  • Urodynamics
Disciplines
  • Medicine

Abstract

ABSTRACT Purpose: Leak point pressure (LPP) measurement has become standard in the diagnosis of stress urinary incontinence. Leak point pressure is determined by increasing abdominal pressure, which can be done with a Valsalva maneuver or coughing, that is Valsalva LPP and cough LPP (CLPP). It may be influenced by catheter size, bladder volume and interobserver variability. A new, computerized LPP measuring technique for routine use in daily urodynamic practice was tested at a female unit urodynamic practice to evaluate female urinary incontinence. Materials and Methods: A total of 28 female patients with a mean age of 54.07 years (range 23 to 82) and urinary incontinence underwent a new, minimally invasive measurement of the cough leak point. Measurements are made with the patient standing and repeated 3 times per patient. Additionally, parameters of the corresponding leak were recorded simultaneously. All patients underwent new CLPP measurement and a standard, complete urodynamic investigation, including filling cystometry with abdominal LPP and urethral pressure profile at rest. Statistical evaluation was done by linear regression analysis and the correlation coefficients among CLPP, age, standard abdominal LPP and maximum urethral pressure, and among the 3 measurements for each patient. Results: The assignment of leakage to the pressure signal presented no problem. All CLPP data were reproducible in the 3 repeated measurements per patient. No correlation was seen between CLPP and abdominal LPP or the urethral pressure profile. Conclusions: The study confirm that the CLPP is a practicable, consistent and minimally invasive method in routine use. Clinical use is easy and reproducible, and only 1 catheter is required for measurement.

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