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Isolation of Circular Deoxyribonucleic Acid from Salmonella typhosa Hybrids Obtained from Matings with Escherichia coli Hfr Donors

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  • Genetics And Molecular Biology


Heterozygous, partial diploid Salmonella typhosa hybrids obtained from matings with Escherichia coli K-12 Hfr strains were observed to contain supercoiled, circular deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) when examined by the dye-buoyant density method. Examination of one such S. typhosa hybrid after its loss, by segregation, of the inherited E. coli genetic markers revealed a concurrent loss of its supercoiled circular DNA. Subsequent remating of this segregant with various E. coli Hfr strains resulted in the reappearance of the circular DNA. Molecular weight determinations of circular DNA molecules isolated from a number of S. typhosa partial diploid hybrids were made by sucrose density gradient ultracentrifugation and electron microscopy. These studies revealed a range of molecular sizes among the various hybrids examined, but each hybrid exhibited only a single characteristic size for its contained circular DNA. The range of size is consistent with the presence in each hybrid of a different length of E. coli chromosome. It was concluded that the E. coli Hfr genetic segments transferred to these S. typhosa hybrids were conserved, in the diploid state, in the form of supercoiled, circular DNA molecules.

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