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A comparison of funding between Wales and England

Wales. Higher Education Funding Council


D5904.tif A COMPARISON OF FUNDING IN WALES AND ENGLAND INTRODUCTION 1. On 25 July 2005, the Welsh Assembly Government (WAG) wrote to HEFCW seeking advice on how the funding of the Higher Education sector in Wales compares with the funding received by comparable institutions in the rest of the UK. The WAG is keen to establish the extent of any funding gap which may to exist both historically and currently. Although the WAG is primarily interested in differences between Wales and England, it suggested that comparisons with Scotland should be made if possible. 2. This is a much more complex problem than may at first glance appear. An interim briefing paper has already been submitted to the Assembly, laying out why this is a complex problem, and rehearsing a number of conceptual and methodological issues that it is essential to take into account. That paper outlines a range of approaches to the problem and summarises the conclusions that emerge from them. It is important to read the present paper in conjunction with the interim briefing paper. 3. The present paper provides the detailed analysis and calculations that underpin the conclusions. It aims to provide a robust estimate of the shortfall in funding that is believed to exist for Wales, in comparison with England. Some comparisons with Scotland have also been made but time constraints led to a concentration primarily on the comparisons of Wales with England. The estimates are mainly based on the assumption that there is a gap in funding if the level of grant per fundable student is different in the two countries unless the differences can be attributed to factors such as different subject mixes. Data developed in the course of this analysis are also used in the interim briefing paper to address issues arising from the fact that Wales has a higher student population relative to the overall population than England. SOURCES, DEFINITIONS AND CAVEATS 4. The method section (paragraphs 10 - 18) includes some inform

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