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A comparative study of electrode effects on the electrical and luminescent characteristics of Alq3/TPD OLED: Improvements due to conductive polymer (PEDOT) anode

Authors
Journal
Journal of Luminescence
0022-2313
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
126
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jlumin.2006.07.005
Keywords
  • Pedot
  • Oled
  • Organic Luminescence Devices
Disciplines
  • Physics

Abstract

Abstract The performance of organic light emitting device (OLED) structures, based on identically fabricated Alq 3/TPD active regions, with various anode and cathode electrode structures are compared, and performance differences related to the different anode structure. The best performance was achieved with a conductive polymer, 3,4-polyethylenedioxythiopene–polystyrenesultonate (PEDOT), used as an anode layer, yielding a brightness of 1720 cd/m 2 at 25 V, a turn-on voltage of 3 V, and electroluminescence (EL) efficiency and external quantum efficiency of 8.2 cd/A and 2%, respectively, at a brightness of 100 cd/m 2 and 5 V. Compared to a baseline device (TPD/Alq 3/Al), PEDOT anodes substantially reduce the turn-on voltage and made current injection almost linear after turn-on, whiles devices incorporating a LiF and CuPc layers significantly improved device efficiency while slightly improving turn-on voltage and maintaining superlinear I–V injection. This is attributed to the reduced barrier at the organic-organic interface in PEDOT, the ‘ladder’ effect of stepping the band offset over several interfaces, and the favorable PEDOT film morphology. The benefit of the PEDOT anode is clearly seen in the improvement in device brightness and the high external quantum efficiency obtained.

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