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Super black and ultrathin amorphous carbon film inspired by anti-reflection architecture in butterfly wing

Authors
Journal
Carbon
0008-6223
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
49
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2010.10.048

Abstract

Abstract An ultrathin and super black amorphous carbon (a-C) film has been fabricated by borrowing the inverse V-type anti-reflection nano-architecture from the black wings of butterfly Ornithoptera goliath through vacuum sintering process. The biomimetic a-C film shows good optical absorption (99%) at low reflectance (<1%) in visible light (380–795 nm), which is comparable to the previously fabricated darkest materials, while with a thickness (5 μm) of only 15% of those materials. Experimental results as well as theoretical simulation which is based on finite difference time domain method (FDTD) show that reflection of the fabricated inverse V-type structured a-C film is merely 1/13 of that of the flat surface a-C film, and 1/8 of that of glassy carbon. Complex refractive index of the derived a-C for visible light (380–795 nm) has also been calculated.

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