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Finland - Negotiations for Accession to the European Union

Publication Date
Disciplines
  • Agricultural Science
  • Political Science

Abstract

-z ,:, .z -:: .;:, EUROPEAN COMMISSION June 1994 -z -:: ::r.z -Z INLAND NEGOTIATIONS FOR ACCESSION TO THE EUROPEAN UNION Rue de la lol - 200 B-1O49 BlU$Sels. Belgium - Office: B- 28 1/28Telephone: ciirect line (+32-2)295.9264 eXchange 299.11.11 . Fax: 295.03.Telex: COMEU B 21877 . Telegraphic aQQress: COMEUR BlU$Sels Introduction Finland applied for membership on 18 March 1992, after Austria and Sweden but before Norway. the other candidates for the present enlargement of the European Union. The European Commission gave its Opinion on Finland's application for membership on 4 November 1992. Formal negotiations began in February 1993 and finished in March 1994. Ten meetings were held at Deputy level , the last on 30 March 1994. Eight Ministerial meetings were held, ending on 1 March 1994. The European Parliament gave its Assent on the four candidate countries on 4 May 1994. The Finnish request for membership was approved with 377 votes in favour. 21 against and 61 abstentions. After the signatUre of the Treaty, Act of Accession. Protocols' and accompanying texts in Corfu on 24 June 1994 it is for the Finnish citizens and the Parliaments of the Twelve to signify their agreement. so permitting Finland to join the Union on 1 January 1995, as foreseen by the European Council held in Copenhagen in June 1993. An Overview of the Results The negotiations between Finland and the European Union had much in common with those of its Nordic neighbours. notably in showing a deep concern that the Act of Accession take full account of the special climatic conditions affecting agricultural production. the need to maintain rural populations. safeguards for the environment, the high Finnish health and safety standards and its speciai trade relations with the Baltic States. However Finland can be distinguished from its fellow candidates by its geo- political positiolL Enlargement will mean that the European Union will. for the first time. have a common border with the ex-

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