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Att hata kvinnor: en fri åsiktsbildning. En kritisk diskursanalys av varför kvinnor som grupp inte skyddas i yttrandefrihetslagstiftningen.

Lunds universitet/Rättssociologiska enheten
Publication Date
  • Liberalism
  • Discourse
  • Feminism
  • Law And Political Science
  • Social Sciences
  • Misogyny
  • Antifeminism


As internetusage increases the attendance at internetbased communicative forums and social networks creates a new arena where freedom of speech is practiced. The freedom of speech is one of the greatest democratic rights in the Swedish society. But sometimes this privilege enables violations of other human rights. The respond to this in Swedish law is restrictions concerning the freedom of speech to protect individuals and especially exposed groups in the society. Swedish law consists of a relatively strong protection concerning individuals when exposed to hateful opinions expressed through speech or text. As for groups the protection is much less comprehensive. Expressing discriminating and hateful opinions against women as a group contains no restrictions in Swedish law today. The purpose of this essay is to explore why there is so, with critical discourse analysis as a theoretical and methodological instrument. The result reveals that an antifeminist liberal discourse becomes valid at the expense of the feminist discourse. A discourse which finds the freedom of speech more important than protecting any other groups than those who are already protected and rules out the feminist discourse which works for changing discrimination and subordination of women. The existence and relations between these discourses is the answer to why the Swedish law chooses not to protect women as a group against threat and hateful opinions.

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