The purpose of this study is to reveal how to have an effect the critics of the modern paintings written by novelists & poets or critics such as Lym-Whoa & Gyeun-Gu-Hyun on the building up the Korean Modern Fine Art and Modern literature. This paper also wants to show analysing the relationships between the theory of transplantation modem art(I-Sik-Mi-Sul-Non) and the theory of transplantation modern literature (I-Sik-Moon-Wha-Lon). This study shows that novelists & poets or critics were participated to write the critics of paintings are influenced the traditional thought which was poem, calligraphy and paintings are constructed one thing as the work for the intellectuals. So the literature stuff writers had played an important role to build up the modern fine art from traditional calligraphy & drawings. The conclusion of this thesis are shows two kinds of the facts. One thing is that The critics of the modern paintings written by novelists & poets or critics such as Lym-Whoa, Gyeun-Gu-Hyun & Lee-Tae-June had made Korean modem novels were realized the value of description and art has gotten self-regulation. The Other thing is that the specific characters as the Korean style in the most genre of arts should created during modernization in order to overcome the theory of transplantation modem art(I-Sik-Mi-Sul-Non), the theory of transplantation modem literature(I-Sik-Moon-Wha-Lon) and the process of civilization. Find art and literature were cooperated each others. However some critics did not known what is the points of dissimilarity between paintings and literatures. But still their participations of critics on fine arts could helped the period of the enlightenment in Korean modern literatures.