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A PRAGMATICS ANALYSIS ABOUT THE USAGE OF COOPERATIVE PRINCIPLE ON ORDERING SOMEONE AT ENGLISH DRAMA SUBJECT IN THE INTERNATIONAL CLASS PROGRAM OF STAIN SALATIGA

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STAIN Salatiga
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Keywords
  • Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris (Pbi)

Abstract

In the daily conversation, it is often found some people who order or command someone do not use the imperative sentence which has function to order someone. More people are using question, even statement sentences to order someone which grammatically has function to ask and give information to listener. However, the response that performed by the listener is like getting command with imperative sentence. That is one of the reasons why a person needs to learn Pragmatics. In the pragmatic, Cahyono (1995) assumes that the meaning of utterance is assessed according to the meaning intended by speakers and by the context. Webster (2004) defines that order is to give authoritative instruction to someone to do something or for something to be done. On his book, Pardiyono (2005) explains that each sentence has different function, and it is depend on its type. For example, the question that is used to ask information is declarative or question sentence, and the sentence that is used to order someone is called as imperative or command sentence. Beside that, in the conversation there is cooperative principle proposing by Grice that must be obeyed by the participants in the conversation, so that the conversation can be done comfortably. Based on this, the writer decides to collect data about the conversation containing ordering someone in English drama class at International Class Program of STAIN Salatiga, using simak technique. In this study, the writer wants to know, what kinds of sentence that is used by the teacher and students in ordering someone, there, and how is the usage of cooperative principle in ordering someone in English drama class. The data, in the form of conversation containing ordering someone, that have been collected before is analyzed using padan method with the cooperative principle proposing by Grice. After analyzing the data, the study shows that most of students and the teacher in English drama class at International class program are not only using imperative sentence, but also statement and question sentence in ordering someone. The study also shows that there are some violations towards several maxims in the cooperative principle that was proposed by Grice. Finally, in a great expectation, by reading this study, people could learn how the usage of cooperative principle in daily conversation, especially in ordering someone.

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