Affordable Access

Publisher Website

Les jeunes enfants et le consolateur.

Authors
Journal
Enfance
0013-7545
Publisher
Editions NecPlus
Publication Date
Volume
40
Issue
4
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3406/enfan.1987.2971
Source
Legacy

Abstract

French children often use a comforter in order to get appeasement. It is' a piece of tissue which they need when going to sleep. Winnicott was the first one to write about this practice ; he called it the « transitional object » but included also other phenomena under this term. A longitudinal study done with 31 children followed from birth on showed that about half of them used a comforter. Its nature, the situations, when it is used, and its frequency between 1 and 48 months are reported. Principal component analyses (for each six months or one year period) were performed on 19 children's variables (quantifying temperament, relational attitudes, and the use of a comforter) and 11 maternal variables. The results show that, during the second and third years, children who use a comforter have a better emotional balance, cry less, are more controlled, more autonomous and have a more advanced psycho-motor development. Later (fourth and fifth years), their fantasy is better developed. This practice is not correlated with a specific maternal attitude, but rather with the number of caretaker's changes. Therefore, its function seems to give a feeling of security when the environment is changing, which is frequent in our society.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.

Statistics

Seen <100 times
0 Comments