Abstract Eosinophilic inflammation is the prominent feature of bronchial asthma, though the importance of eosinophils in the pathogenesis of this disease is controversial. We here established monoclonal antibodies against a newly identified cell surface molecule specifically expressed on mouse eosinophils. Eosinophils were highly purified from small intestine lamina propria and thymus as CD11c+Gr1lowF4/80+B220− cells. Upon comparative microarray analysis for mRNA expressed in eosinophils and other leukocytes, major facilitator super family domain containing 10 (Mfsd10) was identified as a novel eosinophil-specific cell surface molecule. Hybridomas were established from spleen cells of rats immunized with Mfsd10-introduced Ba/F3 cells. One of three monoclonal antibodies against Mfsd10 displayed selective binding activity against eosinophils recovered in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of ovalbumin-immunized and -challenged mice. Administration of this antibody in vivo induced a significant reduction of eosinophils recruited in the allergic lungs. Anti-Mfsd10 antibody is useful for investigating the pathophysiological roles of eosinophils with its selective binding and neutralizing activity for mouse eosinophils.