Abstract The fractional clearance of dextran sulfate across the glomerular capillary wall in the isolated perfused kidney is shown to be dependent on the concentration of dextran sulfate in the perfusate and the degree of sulfate substitution on dextran sulfate. While normal charge selectivity is apparent at low dextran sulfate perfusate concentrations, the nature of the concentration dependence of the fractional clearance clearly eliminates charge-electrostatic interactions as being responsible. A strong correlation has been experimentally established between fractional clearance and the degree of desulfation of dextran sulfate found in the urine. The correlation was further established through the demonstration that the lysosomotropic agent NH 4Cl partially inhibits charge selectivity as well as desulfation. The glomerular cellular processing of the dextran sulfate was further studied through dextran sulfate-mediated release of metabolically labeled glomerular heparan sulfate. A model of glomerular capillary wall transport, invoking endothelial cell processing of dextran sulfate, is proposed to explain the differences between the fractional clearance of dextran and dextran sulfate.