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Borate Exchanges of Lemna minor L. as Studied with the Help of the Enriched Stable Isotopes and of a (n,α) Nuclear Reaction 1

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PMC
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Abstract

Despite the lack of a convenient radioisotope of boron, it is possible to measure unidirectional fluxes of borate between cellular systems and their external medium. It was accomplished by using the two purified stable isotopes (10B and 11B), with 10B specifically detected by a (n,α) nuclear reaction. The method was applied to compartmental analysis of borate with intact plants of Lemna minor L. Four compartments were suggested. Three of them apparently correspond to the three classical ones: free space (including easily dissociable borate monoesters), cytoplasm, and vacuole. The fourth one was interpreted as corresponding to very stable borate diesters in the cell walls. The method allows the determination of the borate capacities of the various compartments and of the borate unidirectional fluxes between the different compartments, at borate flux equilibrium. Other physicochemical data (mono and diester mass action constants, turn over numbers) were evaluated. The results are consistent with what is known of pure substances.

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