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Direct determination of sulfite in food samples by a biosensor based on plant tissue homogenate

Authors
Journal
Talanta
0039-9140
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
65
Issue
4
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.talanta.2004.08.037
Keywords
  • Sulfites
  • Sulfite Oxidase
  • Sulfite Determination
  • Sulphiting Agents
  • Food Additives
  • Biosensors
Disciplines
  • Biology

Abstract

Abstract In the work described here, a biosensor was developed for the determination of sulfite in food. Malva vulgaris tissue homogenate containing sulfite oxidase enzyme was used as the biological material. M. vulgaris tissue homogenate was crosslinked with gelatin using glutaraldehyde and fixed on a pretreated Teflon membrane. Sulfite was enzymatically converted to sulfate in the presence of the dissolved oxygen, which was monitored amperometrically. Sulfite determination was carried out by standard curves, which were obtained by the measurement of consumed oxygen level related to sulfite concentration. Several operational parameters had been investigated: the amounts of plant tissue homogenate and gelatin, percentage of glutaraldehyde, optimum pH and temperature. Also, some characterization studies were done. There was linearity in the range between 0.2 and 1.8 mM at 35 °C and pH 7.5. The results of real sample analysis obtained with the biosensor agreed well with the enzymatic reference method using spectrophotometric detection.

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