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Vagotomy reveals the importance of the imidazoline receptors in the cardiovascular effects of marsanidine and 7-ME-marsanidine in rats

Pharmacological Reports
DOI: 10.1016/j.pharep.2014.05.009
  • Imidazoline Compounds
  • α2Adrenoreceptors
  • I1Imidazoline Receptors
  • Hypertension
  • Vagotomy
  • Medicine


Abstract Background The recently synthesized novel benzazole derivates – marsanidine (1-[(imidazolidin-2-yl)imino]indazole) and 7-Me-marsanidine (1-[(imidazolidin-2-yl)imino]-7-methylindazole) display promising effects on the circulatory system. We previously indicated that i.v. administration of both compounds decreased the mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) in rats. The cardiovascular effect of the tested compounds may consist not only in inhibiting the sympathetic, but also in activating the parasympathetic pathways related to vagal nerves. Present experiments were performed to determine how vagotomy, with or without an α2 adrenoreceptor blockade, may affect hypotensive and HR limiting actions of marsanidine and 7-Me-marsanidine. Methods Both compounds were infused i.v. (10μg/kg b.w.) to anesthetized rats, half of which underwent vagotomy. Half the intact, and half the vagotomised rats received RX821002, an α2 adrenorereceptor inhibitor. MAP and HR were monitored directly throughout the experiment. Results Vagotomy enhanced hypotension observed after marsanidine administration. The α2 adrenergic blockade abolished the action of marsanidine in both the intact and vagotomised rats. Vagotomy did not affect the 7-Me-marsanidine-induced decrease of MAP or HR. However, it abolished the reducing effect of the α2 adrenergic receptor blockade on the hypotension triggered by 7-Me-marsanidine. Conclusion The results show that although cardiovascular effects of marsanidine and 7-Me-marsanidine are not mediated by the vagal nerves, vagotomy enhanced sensitivity of the sympathetic pathways for the tested compounds. While the action of marsanidine in vagotomised and intact rats may be explained by activation of the α2 adrenoreceptors, the effects of 7-Me-marsanidine seem to be α2 adrenoreceptor-independent. It seems likely that activation of I1 imidazoline receptors could mediate the observed effects.

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