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Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования "Национальный исследовательский Томский государственный университет"
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  • ЛИТЕРАТУРА 1850-1860 ГГ
  • F.I. Tyutchev
  • Love Lyrics
  • Literature Of 1850S-1860S


In the article the embodiment of images of living and deathly souls in Tyutchev's love lyrics is considered in several aspects, connected with motive of interaction of souls of the lyrical hero and his beloved. Two variants of interaction of souls of heroes are embodied in Tyutchev's late lyrics. It is the situation of interpersonal dialogue of the enamoured in life and the reference of the lyrical hero to the memory of his beloved after her death. In the first situation (interaction of a living soul and a lifeless idol), the lyrical hero takes of a position of the passive observer who feels jealous disappointment before the sincere and ardent love of the heroine. The poem Oh, don't disturb me to reproach the fair … consists of oppositions which are partly overcome only in the ending, when the lyrical hero begins to feel shame before the greatness of female love. In Tyutchev's late lyrics the beloved is exclusive because she has a beautiful soul. She can bring the lyrical hero, a seemingly lifeless idol, to life. After the death of the beloved the source of life for the lyrical hero is lost: he is in a situation of hopeless loneliness, connected with the motive of deathliness of soul. The starting point in the course of overcoming of this situation is reference to God with an appeal for a godsent prayer. We traced the evolution of images of the Deity: from a lifeless idol - the beloved in the role of the Creator, to the Lord to whom the prayer is turned. In the last case the prayer to the Lord, the reference to true Christian values marks the internal transformation of the lyrical hero. The process of overcoming "lifelessness" in this case is carried out without active intervention of the beloved, the lyrical hero makes a strong will effort himself to stop the condition of a suffering stagnation. It becomes possible in the result of pronouncing a prayer about suffering, which allows the lyrical hero to change the soul by means of familiarising with the wealth of the soul of the beloved

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