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Galileo and the Emergence of Modern Philosophy

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Publication Date
Keywords
  • Xxii. Deutscher Kongress Für Philosophie
  • Philosophie Des Mittelalters
  • Der Renaissance Und Der Frühen Neuzeit
  • Ddc:190
Disciplines
  • Education
  • Philosophy

Abstract

Microsoft Word - 2011 Christoph Durt's DGPhil presentation 1 Originally, the following text was part of a projector presentation. For easier readability, the slide transitions were removed, and it was rendered into PDF/A. A better version in can be accessed under: http://durt.info/2011Summer/2011_Christoph_Durt%27s_DGPhil_presentation.html DGPhil congress 2011: The World of Reasons 1. reasons necessitate a common background, and our picture of the world is an important part of it 2. reflection on the logical and historical origin of our picture of the world can contribute to elucidate the structure of a number of philosophical forms of reasoning 3. one important line of thought in modern philosophy pretends that the philosopher can abstract from such presuppositions "[...] for all opinions I had held until then, I thought that I could not do better than resolve at once to sweep them wholly away [...]" (Descartes, Discours de la Méthode, Partie II. All translations are mine unless otherwise noted.) 2 "I will now close my eyes, I will stop my ears, I will turn away my senses from their objects […] thus, holding converse only with myself, and closely examining my nature, I will endeavor to obtain by degrees a more intimate and familiar knowledge of myself." (Descartes, Meditatio III, 1, translated by John Veitch) 4. university teaching today usually buys into the story of a new start by Descartes, in particular with respect to "modern" philosophical problems; if not explicitly then practically (e.g. in explaining problems in philosophy of mind, subjectivity, the external world) This presentation tries to show: 1. a central modification of modern philosophy concerns the structure of the world itself; "Galileo's mathematization of nature" (Husserl) breaks with Scholastic philosophy, and it is presupposed by modern philosophers such as Descartes and Locke 2. the mathematization of nature stands behind important "modern" for

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