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The effect of ocular aberrations on steady-state errors of accommodative response

Journal of Vision
Association for Research in Vision and Opthalmology
Publication Date
  • Accommodation
  • Adult
  • Analytical Equipment
  • Article
  • Calculation
  • Clinical Article
  • Controlled Study
  • Correlation Function
  • Error
  • Eye Disease
  • Human
  • Image Quality
  • Modulation Transfer Function
  • Monocular Vision
  • Optometer
  • Recording
  • Refraction Error
  • Spatial Frequency Discrimination
  • Steady State
  • Stimulus Response
  • Visual Orientation
  • Visual Stimulation
  • Accommodation
  • Ocular
  • Adult
  • Diagnostic Techniques
  • Ophthalmological
  • Humans
  • Myopia
  • Pupil
  • Refraction


It is well accepted that the accommodation system is characterized by steady-state errors in focus. The purpose of this study was to correlate these errors with changes in ocular wavefront aberration and corresponding image quality when accommodating. A wavefront analyzing system, the Complete Ophthalmic Analysis System (COAS), was used in conjunction with a Badal optometer to allow continuous recording of the aberration structure of the eye for a range of accommodative demands (up to 8 D). Fifty consecutive recordings from seven subjects were taken. Monocular accommodative response was calculated as (i) the equivalent refraction minimizing wavefront error and (ii) the defocus needed to optimize the modulation transfer function at high spatial frequencies. Previously reported changes in ocular aberrations with accommodation (e.g., the shift of spherical aberration to negative values) were confirmed. Increased accommodation errors for near targets (lags) were evident for all subjects, although their magnitude showed a significant intersubject variability. It is concluded that the one-to-one stimulus/response slope in accommodation function should not always be considered as ideal, because higher order aberrations, especially changes of spherical aberration, may influence the actual accommodative demand. Fluctuations may serve to preserve image quality when errors of accommodation are moderate, by temporarily searching for the best focus. ?? 2005 ARVO.

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