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Synthesis and crystal structures of gallium- and germanium-variants of the fibrous zeolites with the NAT, EDI and THO structure types

Microporous and Mesoporous Materials
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/s1387-1811(99)00176-6
  • Cation Site
  • Edingtonite
  • Framework Ordering
  • Gallium
  • Germanium
  • Natrolite
  • Thomsonite
  • TOT Bond Angle
  • Earth Science
  • Geography
  • Mathematics


Abstract Two synthetic gallosilicates and a gallogermanate with the NAT, EDI and THO framework topologies have been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions and characterized by single crystal synchrotron X-ray diffraction. K-GaSi-NAT, K 8Ga 8Si 12O 40·6H 2O, is tetragonal, space group I 4 ̄ 2d, with a=13.639(2), c=6.545(1) Å. The framework model shows complete disordering of Ga and Si in tetrahedral sites, which is analogous to tetranatrolite but contrasts with the partial ordering in Na-GaSi-NAT. The T-sites of RbNa-GaSi-EDI, Rb 7NaGa 8Si 12O 40·3H 2O, exhibit partial disordering of Ga and Si in space group P 4 ̄ 2 1c. This leads to a cell doubling along the chain axis ( c) with a=9.773(1), c=13.141(3) Å, a super cell modification of the Na-exchanged K- F structure. In Rb-GaGe-THO, Rb 20Ga 20Ge 20O 80·15H 2O, a=14.335(3), b=14.198(3), c=13.421(3) Å, complete ordering on both tetrahedral and extra-framework sites lowers the symmetry from Pncn to the acentric space group Pn2 n. An inspection of framework TOT bond angles, which are related to rotation and distortion of the chains, explains the differences in unit cells between these gallium- and germanium-variants and aluminosilicate analogs. The elliptical 8-ring windows, generated by four crosslinked chains in RbNa-GaSi-EDI and Rb-GaGe-THO, are the sites for (Rb,Na) and Rb cations, respectively, while the helical 8-ring channels formed in K-GaSi-NAT host only water molecules. The T 10O 20 windows, built by two neighboring chains, provide sites for K or Rb cations in each model. Mechanisms are proposed for cation–framework interactions, which are in turn responsible for the observed framework models.

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