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Seasonal Variation of Skin Reactivity and Specific IgE Antibody to House Dust Mite

Authors
Journal
Annals of Allergy Asthma & Immunology
1081-1206
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
78
Issue
6
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s1081-1206(10)63221-8

Abstract

Background House dust mite is an important cause of bronchial asthma worldwide. While the allergen is present all year-round, a seasonal variation of house dust mite allergen levels has been found. There have been few reports, however, on seasonal variation of specific immune response to house dust mite. Objective We studied the changes in skin reactivity and specific IgE antibody to house dust mite associated with seasonal variation of house dust mite allergen levels in houses of mite-sensitive asthmatic patients. Methods In 14 mite-sensitive asthmatic patients, house dust mite allergen (Der f 1) contents in bedding were measured monthly. Skin reactivity on prick test and specific IgE antibody to house dust mite, Dermatophagoides farinae (D. farinae), were determined every 3 months from July to December. Results The concentration of Der f 1 in dust from bedding reached maximum levels in August and September, and significantly decreased in November and December compared with August and September ( P < .05). Skin reactivity (a ratio of mean wheal diameter of allergen to histamine) to D. farinae decreased significantly in December compared with September ( P < .05). Serum levels of total IgE and specific IgE antibody to D. farinae decreased significantly in December compared with September ( P < .05). Conclusion These findings suggest that seasonal changes in natural exposure to house dust mite allergen might lead to concurrent changes in skin reactivity and specific IgE antibody to house dust mite in mite-sensitive asthmatic patients.

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