Abstract MicroRNAs (miRNAs) negatively regulate gene expression by promoting degradation of target mRNAs or inhibiting their translation. Previous studies have expanded our understanding that miRNAs play an important role in myogenesis and have a big impact on muscle mass, muscle fiber type and muscle-related diseases. The muscle-specific miRNAs, miR-206, miR-1 and miR-133, are among the most studied and best characterized miRNAs in skeletal muscle differentiation. They have a profound influence on multiple muscle differentiation processes, such as alternative splicing, DNA synthesis, and cell apoptosis. Many non-muscle-specific miRNAs are also required for the differentiation of muscle through interaction with myogenic factors. Studying the regulatory mechanisms of these miRNAs in muscle differentiation will extend our knowledge of miRNAs in muscle biology and will improve our understanding of the myogenesis regulation.