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Chemistry and structure of BaTiO3 ultra-thin films grown by different O2 plasma power

Authors
Journal
Chemical Physics Letters
0009-2614
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
592
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.cplett.2013.12.030
Disciplines
  • Chemistry

Abstract

Abstract We present a study of the chemical and atomic properties of 5nm TiO2-terminated BaTiO3 (001) epitaxial films on Nb-doped SrTiO3, as a function of the atomic oxygen plasma power for film growth. Lower plasma power produces non-stoichiometric films with oxygen vacancies and Ti3+ ions. The larger Ti3+ ion radius and the in-plane clamping gives rise to an increase in the out-of-plane lattice parameter. XPS measures the Ti3+ concentration and the concomitant increase in dissociative water uptake in the film, giving rise to on-top OH− adsorption on surface Ti, proton adsorption on surface oxygen, and a near surface Ba-OH environment.

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