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Phase behavior, ordering and self-assembly in monolayers

Authors
Journal
Physica A Statistical Mechanics and its Applications
0378-4371
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
236
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0378-4371(96)00393-7
Keywords
  • Langmuir Monolayers
  • Langmuir-Blodgett Transfer
  • Phase Diagrams
  • Optical Textures

Abstract

Abstract Recent progress in our understanding of the properties of monolayers is linked to the development of techniques for their direct visualization. The use of such methods for the determination of phase diagrams of Langmuir monolayers, both pure substances and mixtures, is described. Complex optical textures — stripes, spirals, stars — have been observed that are related to those found in liquid crystals. Textures can persist when the monolayers are transferred to solid supports, allowing them to be studied by scanning probe microscopy. The transfer procedure can be employed to produce stable patterned surfaces.

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