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Cytotoxicity evaluation and subcellular location of titanium dioxide nanotubes.

Authors
  • Wang, Yanli
  • Sui, Keke
  • Fang, Jie
  • Yao, Chenjie
  • Yuan, Lulu
  • Wu, Qiuxia
  • Wu, Minghong
Type
Published Article
Journal
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2013
Volume
171
Issue
7
Pages
1568–1577
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s12010-013-0447-0
PMID: 23975283
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

TiO(2) nanotubes (TiO(2)-NTs) are currently attracting a high interest because the intrinsic properties of TiO(2) provide the basis for many outstanding functional features. Herein, we focus on the cytotoxicity and sublocation of TiO(2)-NTs in neural stem cells (NSCs). The cytotoxicity of TiO(2)-NTs is investigated using the methyl tetrazolium cytotoxicity and reactive oxygen species assay, the apoptosis assay by flow cytometry. Cell viability assay shows that TiO(2)-NTs inside cells are nontoxic at the low concentration. A time-dependent relationship is observed, while a dose-dependent relationship is seen only at the concentration higher than 150 μg/ml. The uptake happens shortly after incubation with cells. TiO(2)-NTs can easily pass through the cell membrane and enter into the cells. The uptake amount is increased with prolonging incubation time and reach to maximum at 48 h. Transmission electron microscopy and confocal is used to study subcellular location of TiO(2)-NTs. It is found that TiO(2)-NTs traversed cell membrane and localized in many vesicles (endosomes and lysosomes) and cytoplasm. TiO(2)-NTs in NSCs firstly disperse or metabolism by lysosomal enzymes and then exocytosis from NSCs.

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