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Cytoskeletal proteins in human hair cells.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Acta oto-laryngologica. Supplementum
Publication Date
Volume
519
Pages
8–12
Identifiers
PMID: 7610898
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Human cochlear and vestibular hair cells (HCs) were analysed for the three major cytoskeletal types of structures: microfilaments, microtubules, and intermediate filaments and several of their associated proteins. Specific immunomorphological features were identified: the apical surface, the infracuticular rod of F-actin, the cytoplasm and the HC bases and their interactions with adjacent supporting cells. There is morphological evidence for at least three functionally interacting units: the OHC as a cytoskeletal string interacting with the Deiter's cell, being a part of the rigid pancellular protein shell of the organ of Corti; compartmentalization of HCs (surrounded by rigid intermediate filament proteins in the supporting cells); and a calcium-guided short-loop feed-back control of type I HCs. The cytoskeletal composition of all four types of human HCs and their adjacent structures is similar to, although not identical with, corresponding compositions in other mammalian species.

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