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Cytologic and molecular analysis of 46,XXq- cells to identify a DNA segment that might serve as a probe for a putative human X chromosome inactivation center.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Human genetics
Publication Date
Volume
64
Issue
1
Pages
33–38
Identifiers
PMID: 6347866
Source
Medline

Abstract

Cloned human X chromosome-specific DNA segments, derived from a recombinant phage library enriched for the human X and previously localized to different regions of the X, were used as probes in Southern blots to confirm the nature of a deletion of the long arm of the X chromosome as del(X)(q13) in a patient with some features of Turner's syndrome and suspected from cytologic studies to have a 46,XXq- karyotype. Two dimensional scanning densitometry of autoradiograms of the Southern blots was used to quantitate hybridization of the 32P-labeled probes, reinforcing visual analysis and permitting distinction between sequences present at one or two copies per diploid genome. Once thus characterized, DNA from the patient's cells was used in quantitatively analyzed Southern blots to refine the location of an additional DNA segment, previously mapped to somewhere in the proximal part of the long arm of the X chromosome, to the juxtacentromeric region of Xq, which has been hypothesized to be critical for X-inactivation. Cloned DNA probes such as that localized to the juxtacentromeric region of Xq should be useful for evaluating this hypothesis.

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