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Cystin, a novel cilia-associated protein, is disrupted in the cpk mouse model of polycystic kidney disease

  • Xiaoying Hou
  • Michal Mrug
  • Bradley K. Yoder
  • Elliot J. Lefkowitz
  • Gabriel Kremmidiotis
  • Peter D’Eustachio
  • David R. Beier
  • Lisa M. Guay-Woodford
American Society for Clinical Investigation
Publication Date
Feb 15, 2002
  • Biology
  • Medicine


The congenital polycystic kidney (cpk) mutation is the most extensively characterized mouse model of polycystic kidney disease (PKD). The renal cystic disease is fully expressed in homozygotes and is strikingly similar to human autosomal recessive PKD (ARPKD), whereas genetic background modulates the penetrance of the corresponding defect in the developing biliary tree. We now describe the positional cloning, mutation analysis, and expression of a novel gene that is disrupted in cpk mice. The cpk gene is expressed primarily in the kidney and liver and encodes a hydrophilic, 145–amino acid protein, which we term cystin. When expressed exogenously in polarized renal epithelial cells, cystin is detected in cilia, and its expression overlaps with polaris, another PKD-related protein. We therefore propose that the single epithelial cilium is important in the functional differentiation of polarized epithelia and that ciliary dysfunction underlies the PKD phenotype in cpk mice.

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