Six sets of teneral Glossina palpalis gambiensis (Diptera: Glossinidae) were fed on mice infected with six different isolates of Trypanosoma brucei gambiense (each mouse was infected with one of the isolates), previously isolated from patients in the sleeping sickness focus of Bonon, Côte d'Ivoire and in Makoua, Congo. All the tsetse flies were dissected 42 days post-infection and midgut and salivary glands were examined for trypanosomes by microscopical examination. No infection was observed with the reference stock whereas each of the five recently isolated trypanosome isolates was able to infect tsetse flies, with rates of infection varying between 9.7 and 18.2% depending on the isolate. Three isolates displayed only immature infections with 9.7, 17.3 and 18% of the flies showing trypanosomes in their midgut. One isolate gave both immature (12.1%) and mature infections (6.1%). Finally, the last isolate involved only mature infections in 9.7% of the Glossina species examined. These substantial differences in the cyclical transmission of T. b. gambiense in the same fly species could have important implications for the epidemiology of the transmission of Human African Trypanosomiasis.