# Cyclic Statistics In Three Dimensions

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Type
Published Article
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Submission Date
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1063/1.1738189
arXiv ID: hep-th/0308011
Source
arXiv
While 2-dimensional quantum systems are known to exhibit non-permutation, braid group statistics, it is widely expected that quantum statistics in 3-dimensions is solely determined by representations of the permutation group. This expectation is false for certain 3-dimensional systems, as was shown by the authors of ref. [1,2,3]. In this work we demonstrate the existence of cyclic'', or $Z_n$, {\it non-permutation group} statistics for a system of n > 2 identical, unknotted rings embedded in $R^3$. We make crucial use of a theorem due to Goldsmith in conjunction with the so called Fuchs-Rabinovitch relations for the automorphisms of the free product group on n elements.