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Cyberbullying Among School Adolescents in an Urban Setting of a Developing Country: Experience, Coping Strategies, and Mediating Effects of Different Support on Psychological Well-Being.

Authors
  • Ngo, Anh Toan1
  • Tran, Anh Quynh1
  • Tran, Bach Xuan1, 2
  • Nguyen, Long Hoang3
  • Hoang, Men Thi4, 5
  • Nguyen, Trang Huyen Thi4, 5
  • Doan, Linh Phuong6
  • Vu, Giang Thu7
  • Nguyen, Tu Huu8
  • Do, Hoa Thi6
  • Latkin, Carl A2
  • Ho, Roger C M9, 10
  • Ho, Cyrus S H9, 11
  • 1 Institute for Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi, Vietnam.
  • 2 Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States. , (United States)
  • 3 Department of Global Public Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. , (Sweden)
  • 4 Institute for Global Health Innovations, Duy Tan University, Da Nang, Vietnam.
  • 5 Faculty of Medicine, Duy Tan University, Da Nang, Vietnam.
  • 6 Institute of Health Economics and Technology, Hanoi, Vietnam.
  • 7 Center of Excellence in Evidence-Based Medicine, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
  • 8 Vietnam Young Physician Association, Hanoi, Vietnam.
  • 9 Department of Psychological Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore. , (Singapore)
  • 10 Institute for Health Innovation and Technology (iHealthtech), National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore. , (Singapore)
  • 11 Department of Psychological Medicine, National University Health System, Singapore, Singapore. , (Singapore)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Frontiers in Psychology
Publisher
Frontiers Media SA
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2021
Volume
12
Pages
661919–661919
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.661919
PMID: 33897571
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Background: This study examined the cyberbullying experience and coping manners of adolescents in urban Vietnam and explored the mediating effect of different support to the associations between cyberbullying and mental health issues. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed on 484 students at four secondary schools. Cyberbullying experience, coping strategies, psychological problems, and family, peer, and teacher support were obtained. Structural equation modeling was utilized to determine the mediating effects of different support on associations between cyberbullying and psychological problems. Results: There were 11.6 and 28.3% of students who reported that they experienced and observed at least one cyberbullying act in the last 3 months, respectively. Among the victims, only 48.2% tried to stop the perpetrators. Meanwhile, the majority of observers belonged to the "Intervene" group who tried to report cyberbullying acts or help victims. Family support was found to partially mediate associations between cyberbullying experience and observation with levels of psychological problems among adolescents. Conclusion: The 3-month rate of cyberbullying experience and observation among urban adolescents aged 11-14 was low. However, current coping strategies against cyberbullying were not sufficient. Family support is an important factor that should be considered for designing interventions to mitigating the impacts of cyberbullying on the mental health of adolescents. Copyright © 2021 Ngo, Tran, Tran, Nguyen, Hoang, Nguyen, Doan, Vu, Nguyen, Do, Latkin, Ho and Ho.

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