Since some murine cells expressing human CD4 fail to internalize HIV-1, another block was thought to be located at the level of viral entry in addition to CD4. Recently, CXCR4 was shown to function as a coreceptor for T cell line-tropic HIV-1 entry. Here we demonstrated that cells expressing murine CXCR4 and human CD4 fused with cells expressing the env proteins derived from T cell line-tropic HIV-1 and were infected with T cell line-tropic HIV-1 strains. In contrast, the same cells were not infected with chimeric clones constructed by substitution of monocyte- or macrophage-tropic strain-derived env region or V3 region into T cell line-tropic HIV-1, indicating V3 loop of envelope protein is required for murine CXCR4mediated HIV-1 entry. We conclude that murine CXCR4 is not a species specific barrier to the entry of T cell line-tropic HIV-1.