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Cutaneous ulcers with type I cryoglobulinemia treated with plasmapheresis.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
European journal of dermatology : EJD
Publication Date
Volume
14
Issue
3
Pages
186–189
Identifiers
PMID: 15246947
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Severe necrotic cutaneous ulcers and kidney involvement secondary to type I cryoglobulinemia can be a therapeutic challenge. Plasmapheresis has been reported useful to treat autoimmune diseases such as thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, systemic lupus erythematosus, myasthenia gravis and Goodpasture's syndrome. We report the case of a patient who presented necrotic lesions with kidney involvement due to type I cryoglobulinemia (Ig G kappa) that evolved to a multiple myeloma. Treatment with high doses of corticosteroid plus cyclophosphamide did not control the disorder. Therapy with plasmapheresis produced a marked decrease in cryoglobulin levels and a subsequent relevant clinical improvement of cutaneous lesions and renal function. In cryoglobulinemia, plasmapheresis can be used as effective adjunt therapy to minimize cutaneous, renal and/or neurologic involvement.

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