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Current use of telehealth in urology: a review.

Authors
  • Castaneda, Peris1
  • Ellimoottil, Chad2
  • 1 University of Michigan Medical School, 2800 Plymouth Rd, Bldg 16, 1st Floor, Room 152S, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA. [email protected]
  • 2 Institute for Healthcare Policy and Innovation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
World journal of urology
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2020
Volume
38
Issue
10
Pages
2377–2384
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s00345-019-02882-9
PMID: 31352565
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Applications of telehealth have been growing in popularity. However, there is little information on how telehealth is being used in Urology. In this review, we examine current applications of telehealth in urological practices as well as barriers to implementation. A review was conducted of original research within the past 10 years describing telehealth applications in urology. Articles on telehealth as applied to other specialties were reviewed for discussion on real or perceived barriers to implementation. Twenty-four articles met the inclusion criteria. The most common application of telehealth was using a video visit to assess or follow-up with patients. The second most commonly described applications of telehealth were telementorship, or the use of telehealth technology to help train providers, and telemedicine used in diagnostics. Studies consistently stated the effectiveness of the telehealth applications and the high level of patient and provider satisfaction. Telehealth is sparingly used in urology. Barriers to implementation include technological literacy, reimbursement uncertainties, and resistance to change in workflow. When used, telehealth technologies are shown to be safe, effective, and satisfactory for patients and providers. Further investigation is necessary to determine the efficacy of telehealth applications.

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