Affordable Access

deepdyve-link
Publisher Website

Current status, topographical constraints, and implementation strategy of municipal solid waste in India: a review

Authors
  • Pal, Meenakshi Shruti
  • Bhatia, Munish
Type
Published Article
Journal
Arabian Journal of Geosciences
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Jun 16, 2022
Volume
15
Issue
12
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s12517-022-10414-w
PMCID: PMC9202976
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Review Paper
License
Unknown

Abstract

Municipal solid waste (MSW) is one of the key components of India’s prominent mission “Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.” Rising urbanization, faster economic growth, and lifestyle changes all contribute to higher waste generation in India. Unscientific treatment, improper collection, and low use of technology-based solutions for handling MSW lead to hazards like environmental degradation, water pollution, air pollution, and soil pollution. The review paper describes the current status of MSW in different states and union territories as well as reviews the MSW generation, characteristics, and processing methods as practiced in India. It also highlighted government policy and various geographic constraints while rolling out an effective municipal solid waste management (MSWM) system. Furthermore, a comparison of MSW has been described for advanced, developing, and lesser developed countries based on adopted technology, policies, and infrastructure. The study will help decision-makers and scholars formulate more effective strategies for an effective way forward plan for MSWM.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times