Affordable Access

deepdyve-link
Publisher Website

Current status of Plasmodium knowlesi vectors: a public health concern?

Authors
  • Vythilingam, I1
  • Wong, M L1
  • Wan-Yussof, W S1
  • 1 Parasitology Department,Faculty of Medicine,University of Malaya,Lembah Pantai,50603 Kuala Lumpur,Malaysia. , (Malaysia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Parasitology
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2018
Volume
145
Issue
1
Pages
32–40
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1017/S0031182016000901
PMID: 27222102
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Plasmodium knowlesi a simian malaria parasite is currently affecting humans in Southeast Asia. Malaysia has reported the most number of cases and P. knowlesi is the predominant species occurring in humans. The vectors of P. knowlesi belong to the Leucosphyrus group of Anopheles mosquitoes. These are generally described as forest-dwelling mosquitoes. With deforestation and changes in land-use, some species have become predominant in farms and villages. However, knowledge on the distribution of these vectors in the country is sparse. From a public health point of view it is important to know the vectors, so that risk factors towards knowlesi malaria can be identified and control measures instituted where possible. Here, we review what is known about the knowlesi malaria vectors and ascertain the gaps in knowledge, so that future studies could concentrate on this paucity of data in-order to address this zoonotic problem.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times