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Current Classification of Seizures and Epilepsies: Scope, Limitations and Recommendations for Future Action

Authors
  • Sarmast, Shah T1
  • Abdullahi, Abba Musa2
  • Jahan, Nusrat2
  • 1 Neurology, California Institute of Behavioral Neuroscience & Psychology, Fairfield, USA
  • 2 & Psychology, Fairfield, USA
Type
Published Article
Journal
Cureus
Publisher
Cureus, Inc.
Publication Date
Sep 20, 2020
Volume
12
Issue
9
Identifiers
DOI: 10.7759/cureus.10549
PMID: 33101797
PMCID: PMC7575300
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Green
External links

Abstract

The classification of seizures and epilepsies by the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE), 2017 is the most recent classification model which aimed to simplify terminologies that patients and their caregivers can easily understand, identify seizures that have both focal and generalized onset and incorporate missing seizures. We have exhaustively reviewed the studies, discussed its scope, outlined its limitations and gave recommendations that could help in forming subsequent reviews. We have also described the terminologies that have been replaced, redefined or removed to have a clear view of the previous and the current classification models. We have recommended the use of multidimensional classification model which incorporated the clinical semiology, disease location, etiology and associated comorbidities. The benefits of this model is for prompt diagnosis which will results into early management and then better patient outcomes. It would also have a profound effects on the kind of treatment patients might receive especially in developing countries where there are scarcity of the diagnostic techniques. Overall, in this study we have reviewed the current study on seizures and epilepsy classification model by ILAE, 2017 to clarify the descriptions and coverage, outlined some limitations and suggested recommendations.

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