To investigate the stability of curcumin in physiological media, the absorption variation of a curcumin solution was measured in 0.1% and 10% FCS. Under daylight conditions, curcumin degraded very rapidly in 0.1% FCS and was found to be more stable in higher serum concentrations. Under dark conditions, almost no decomposition could be observed after 2 h, whether the measurements were performed in 0.1% or 10% FCS. Furthermore, depending on the medium concentration, differential glutathione S-transferase P1-1 mRNA expression could be observed in K562 cells after incubation with curcumin. Indeed, incubation in 0.1% FCS led to a decrease of mRNA expression, whereas incubation in 10% FCS induced an increase of mRNA production.