Observational and numerical investigations of cumulus cloud scavenging, transport and chemical processes are presented. The experimental data set includes surface and aircraft measurements of the chemistry and microphysics of aerosol, cloud and precipitation. To help in the interpretation of these experimental data fully three-dimensional simulations of cloud chemistry and scavenging are performed. After adjusting several unmeasured model parameters, reasonable agreement could be obtained between the simulated and observed cloud chemistry and aerosol distribution in clouds. The rate at which the simulated clouds transported and transformed pollutants did not exceed a few per cent per hour.