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The cumulative analgesic effect of repeated electroacupuncture involves synaptic remodeling in the hippocampal CA3 region.

Authors
  • Xu, Qiuling
  • Liu, Tao
  • Chen, Shuping
  • Gao, Yonghui
  • Wang, Junying
  • Qiao, Lina
  • Liu, Junling
Type
Published Article
Journal
Neural Regeneration Research
Publisher
Medknow Publications
Publication Date
Jun 25, 2012
Volume
7
Issue
18
Pages
1378–1385
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-5374.2012.18.003
PMID: 25657670
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

In the present study, we examined the analgesic effect of repeated electroacupuncture at bilateral Zusanli (ST36) and Yanglingquan (GB34) once a day for 14 consecutive days in a rat model of chronic sciatic nerve constriction injury-induced neuropathic pain. In addition, concomitant changes in calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II expression and synaptic ultrastructure of neurons in the hippocampal CA3 region were examined. The thermal pain threshold (paw withdrawal latency) was increased significantly in both groups at 2 weeks after electroacupuncture intervention compared with 2 days of electroacupuncture. In ovariectomized rats with chronic constriction injury, the analgesic effect was significantly reduced. Electroacupuncture for 2 weeks significantly diminished the injury-induced increase in synaptic cleft width and thinning of the postsynaptic density, and it significantly suppressed the down-regulation of intracellular calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II expression in the hippocampal CA3 region. Repeated electroacupuncture intervention had a cumulative analgesic effect on injury-induced neuropathic pain reactions, and it led to synaptic remodeling of hippocampal neurons and upregulated calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II expression in the hippocampal CA3 region.

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