Affordable Access

Cu(II) induces small-size aggregates with amyloid characteristics in two alleles of recombinant ovine prion proteins.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
0006-3002
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
1764
Issue
7
Pages
1218–1226
Identifiers
PMID: 16777497
Source
Medline

Abstract

One of symptoms of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies is associated with the transformation of normal cellular prion protein, PrP, in its amyloid isoform resistant to proteolytic cleavage. The present study shows that interaction with copper ions converts both monomeric recombinant scrapie-susceptible PrP-VRQ and scrapie-resistant PrP-ARR variants into protease-resistant soluble oligomers with amyloid characteristics -- dominant beta-sheet secondary structure and interaction with thioflavine S. In contrast, binding of zinc ions resulting in the same resistance to proteolysis does not provoke transformation of alpha-helical monomeric structure of both PrP polymorphic variants. Cleavage of PrP N-terminus destabilises soluble form of such aggregates, and N-truncated PrPrec complexed with metal cations precipitate. N-truncated PrPrec complexed with Zn precipitated much faster than N-truncated PrPrec complexed with Cu. According to the hypothesis about the key role of small PrP oligomers in PrP(C)-PrP(Sc) transformation, formation of soluble oligomers of PrP complexed with Cu can constitute an additional element in TSE propagation. Identical metal-chelating behaviour of two studied polymorphic PrPrec variants conferring different susceptibilities of sheep to scrapie could indicate their different capabilities to form fibrils. This could imply also that other factors than physico-chemical differences between PrP-VRQ and PrP-ARR and the differences in PrP transformation are responsible for the onset of TSE.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.

Statistics

Seen <100 times
0 Comments
F