CT colonography or virtual colonoscopy is a fairly new modality that has the potential to play a significant role in screening for colon cancer. CT colonography is an attractive option for two specific reasons. First, it is non-invasive and, second, it obviates the need for sedation. It thus overcomes the two major drawbacks of optical colonoscopy. CT colonography cannot be a stand-alone technique for colorectal cancer screening because, unlike conventional colonoscopy, it does not possess a therapeutic option or a definite diagnostic capability. However, CT colonography can be a cost-effective complement to traditional colonoscopy if it is reasonably priced and if appropriate cut-off levels (>6 mm polyp) are used to increase its sensitivity.