Antifreeze proteins have the ability to bind to ice with high affinity and inhibit further crystal growth. The insect antifreeze protein from spruce budworm exhibits very high thermal hysteresis activity and is implicated in the protection of overwintering larvae from freezing. This protein has been crystallized in 20-25% polyethylene glycol (Mr 6000), 0.4 M NaCl, 0.1 M Tris-HCl, pH 8.5, by vapor diffusion using the hanging drop method. The resulting crystals are very thin (typically <0.01 mm in the shortest dimension), and only after repeated seeding could crystals be grown large enough for data collection using synchrotron radiation. The crystals belong to the monoclinic space group C2, with cell dimensions a = 82.28 A, b = 62.29 A, c = 63.63 A, and beta = 113.7 degrees. Molecules in the asymmetric unit are related by a twofold axis of symmetry with two molecules present. Native data to a resolution of 2.6 A have been collected with 90.3% completeness and a Rsym of 6.9%.