The likely function of the calcium site is to maintain the structural integrity of the enzyme and/or to modulate electron transfer between the two haem domains. The low-potential haem has two histidine axial ligands (His55 and His71) and the high-potential haem is ligated by His201 and Met275. There are no polar residues at the peroxidatic site in the inactive oxidized enzyme. The structure suggests that, in the half-reduced functional form of the enzyme, the low-potential haem has to shed His71 in order to make the enzyme catalytically competent. This process is likely to trigger a reorganization of the active site, and may introduce a new residues into the haem pocket.