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Crystal structure determination of a flavoprotein FP390 from a luminescent bacterium, Photobacterium phosphoreum.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of biochemistry
Publication Date
Volume
117
Issue
3
Pages
575–578
Identifiers
PMID: 7629024
Source
Medline

Abstract

The three-dimensional structure of a flavoprotein, FP390, purified from a luminescent bacterium, Photobacterium phosphoreum, has been determined at 3 A resolution by X-ray crystallography. Crystallographic refinements of the structural model have led to an R-factor of 0.24 for the intensity data between 6 to 3 A resolution collected with synchrotron radiation. It was found that a homodimer of the FP390 molecules related by a non-crystallographic 2-fold axis is comprised in the asymmetric unit. Two homodimers are arranged around a crystallographic 2-fold axis to form a tetrameric assembly. The monomer molecule of FP390, to which two molecules of the flavin cofactor (Q-flavin) are bound, consists of a seven-stranded parallel beta-sheet which forms a half of the beta-barrel structure and seven alpha-helices which surround one side of the beta-barrel. We suggest that the reason why the Q-flavin sample prepared from FP390 is always a mixture of two components is connected with the fact that the monomer molecules has two flavin binding sites, at the dimer interface and at the molecular surface.

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