Quail, or chick embryonic testes grafted respectively in the extraembryonic coelom of chick or quail embryos induce both a Mullerian duct regression and a masculinization of the female host gonads up to the differentiation of two testes, in some cases. Such a result confirms the fact evidenced previously in other bird species (chick and duck) that the testis-inducer is interspecific. Quail cells are not observed in histological sections of embryonic gonads of testis-grafted chicks. This allows to discard a possible influence of cells migrating from the graft to the host. The grafted testes act then through substance/s secreted in the blood stream. Present and previous experimental data strongly suggest that the same substance, i.e. the so-called anti-Mullerian hormone, is responsible for both MD regression and gonadal sex reversal.