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Cross-cultural measurement invariance of the fear of COVID-19 scale in three Portuguese-speaking countries.

Authors
  • Giolo, Suely Ruiz1
  • Giordani, Rubia Carla Formighieri1
  • Zanoni da Silva, Milene1
  • Dias, Paulo César Azevedo2
  • Estavela, Arune3
  • Ismael Mabuie, Janete3
  • 1 Federal University of Parana, Brazil. , (Brazil)
  • 2 Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Portugal. , (Portugal)
  • 3 High Institute of Health Sciences, Mozambique. , (Mozambique)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of health psychology
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2022
Volume
27
Issue
13
Pages
2997–3012
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/13591053221076578
PMID: 35187982
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

This study evaluated the measurement invariance of the Portuguese version of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) across three countries: Brazil (South America), Mozambique (East Africa), and Portugal (Southwest Europe). A total of 8694 participants were recruited through convenience sampling (7430 Brazilians, 387 Mozambicans, and 877 Portuguese adults). The unidimensional structure of the FCV-19S fitted well with each country's data. Multigroup confirmatory factor analysis showed that the FCV-19S was partially invariant across countries and fully invariant across gender and age groups, thus providing a solid basis for cross-group comparisons. Structural invariance tests revealed different levels of fear across countries and genders but not across age groups.

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