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Crohn's disease alters MHC-rafts in CD4+ T-cells.

Authors
  • Damjanovich, László
  • Volkó, Julianna
  • Forgács, Attila
  • Hohenberger, Werner
  • Bene, László
Type
Published Article
Journal
Cytometry Part A
Publisher
Wiley (John Wiley & Sons)
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2012
Volume
81
Issue
2
Pages
149–164
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1002/cyto.a.21173
PMID: 22128034
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Clusters of MHCI, ICAM-1, CD44, CD59, IL-2R, and IL-15R molecules have been studied on the surface of CD4(+) T-cells from peripheral blood and lymph nodes of patients in Crohn's disease and healthy individuals as controls by using a dual-laser flow cytometric fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) technique and fluorescently stained Fabs. When cells from patients in Crohn's disease are compared to those of controls, the surface expression level for the MHCI reduced by ∼45%, for CD44 enhanced by ∼100%, and for IL-2Rα, IL-15Rα, and common γ(c) enhanced by ∼50%, ∼70%, and ∼130%, respectively. Efficiencies of FRET monitoring homoassociation for the MHCI and CD44 reduced, that for IL-2Rα enhanced. While efficiencies of FRET monitoring the association of γ(c) and ICAM-1 with the MHCI reduced, those monitoring association of IL-2/15Rα, CD44, and CD59 with MHCI enhanced. Efficiencies of FRET measured between the MHCI and IL-2Rα, IL-15Rα differently enhanced to the advantage of IL-15Rα, the one measured between γ(c) and IL-2Rα reduced, suggesting modulations in the strength of interaction of MHCI with IL-2R, IL-15R, and γ(c). The increases in density of surface bound cTx and in the associations of the receptors with the G(M1)-ganglioside lipid molecules suggest stronger lipid raft interactions of the receptors. The observed alterations of MHC-rafts in Crohn's disease--summarized in models of receptor patterns of diseased and control cells--may have functional consequences regarding signaling by the raft components.

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