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Critical PQ interval for the appearance of diastolic mitral regurgitation and optimal PQ interval in patients implanted with DDD pacemakers.

Authors
  • Ishikawa, T
  • Sumita, S
  • Kimura, K
  • Kuji, N
  • Nakayama, R
  • Nagura, T
  • Miyazaki, N
  • Tochikubo, O
  • Usui, T
  • Kashiwagi, M
Type
Published Article
Journal
Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE
Publication Date
Nov 01, 1994
Volume
17
Issue
11 Pt 2
Pages
1989–1994
Identifiers
PMID: 7845804
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Diastolic mitral regurgitation (MR) may be induced by prolonging atrioventricular (AV) delay, and a significant negative correlation has been described between the critical PQ interval for the appearance of diastolic MR and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) in patients with DDD pacemakers. We report the relationship between the critical PQ interval for the appearance of diastolic MR and the optimal PQ interval in 11 patients (69.1 +/- 12.6 years). Cardiac output (CO) and PCWP were measured by Swan-Ganz catheter and transmitral blood flow was recorded by pulsed-Doppler echocardiography. AV delay was prolonged stepwise by 0.025 seconds starting from 0.065 seconds. The pacing rate was fixed at 70 beats/min. CO was highest when the PQ interval was 0.18 +/- 0.04 seconds. There was a significant positive correlation between the critical PQ interval for the appearance of diastolic MR and the PQ interval at which CO was the highest (r = 0.91, P < 0.01). The PQ interval at which CO was the highest was 0.02 +/- 0.02 seconds shorter than the critical PQ interval for the appearance of diastolic MR (P < 0.05). When the PQ interval was increased by 0.025 seconds from the critical PQ interval for the appearance of diastolic MR, CO decreased from 4.3 +/- 0.6 L/min to 4.1 +/- 0.6 L/min and PCWP increased from 7.5 +/- 6.4 mmHg to 8.5 +/- 7.3 mmHg (P < 0.05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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