Human glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is an aggressive cancer with a very poor prognosis. Cripto-1 (CR-1) has a key regulatory role in embryogenesis, while in adult tissue re-expression of CR-1 has been correlated to malignant progression in solid cancers of non-neuronal origin. As CR-1 expression has yet to be described in cerebral cancer and CR-1 is regulated by signaling pathways dysregulated in GBM, we aimed to investigate CR-1 in the context of expression in GBM. The study was performed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), Western blotting, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and immunohistochemistry to analyze the blood and tissue from 28 GBM and 4 low-grade glioma patients. Within the patient cohort, we found high CR-1 protein levels in blood plasma to significantly correlate with a shorter overall survival. We identified CR-1 in different areas of GBM tissue, including perivascular tumor cells, and in endothelial cells. Collectively, our data suggest that CR-1 could be a prognostic biomarker for GBM with the potential of being a therapeutic target.