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Crime forecasting: a machine learning and computer vision approach to crime prediction and prevention

  • Shah, Neil1
  • Bhagat, Nandish1
  • Shah, Manan2
  • 1 Sal Institute of Technology and Engineering Research, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, 380060, India , Ahmedabad (India)
  • 2 Pandit Deendayal Energy University, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, 382426, India , Gandhinagar (India)
Published Article
Visual Computing for Industry, Biomedicine, and Art
Springer Singapore
Publication Date
Apr 29, 2021
DOI: 10.1186/s42492-021-00075-z
Springer Nature


A crime is a deliberate act that can cause physical or psychological harm, as well as property damage or loss, and can lead to punishment by a state or other authority according to the severity of the crime. The number and forms of criminal activities are increasing at an alarming rate, forcing agencies to develop efficient methods to take preventive measures. In the current scenario of rapidly increasing crime, traditional crime-solving techniques are unable to deliver results, being slow paced and less efficient. Thus, if we can come up with ways to predict crime, in detail, before it occurs, or come up with a “machine” that can assist police officers, it would lift the burden of police and help in preventing crimes. To achieve this, we suggest including machine learning (ML) and computer vision algorithms and techniques. In this paper, we describe the results of certain cases where such approaches were used, and which motivated us to pursue further research in this field. The main reason for the change in crime detection and prevention lies in the before and after statistical observations of the authorities using such techniques. The sole purpose of this study is to determine how a combination of ML and computer vision can be used by law agencies or authorities to detect, prevent, and solve crimes at a much more accurate and faster rate. In summary, ML and computer vision techniques can bring about an evolution in law agencies.

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